Are Women Better Programmers Than Men?

Updated - 23 Mar 2024 6 min read
BGO Software
Are Women Better Programmers Than Men?

The world’s first ever computer programmer who wrote the world’s first ever algorithm was a woman. Her name was Ada Lovelace. And maybe, just maybe, if she had lived longer than she actually did, the start of the computer age would have been marked 100 years earlier. Thus, instead in 1950, it would have begun in 1850 and by now we might have reached the state of living in a technologically advanced world depicted only in the best sci-fi movies. But the early tech-based achievements do not stop here. One of the inventors of some of the most fundamental early English-language programming languages was also a woman – Grace Hopper – whose accomplishments inspired one of the biggest tech events in the world – Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing. Nowadays she is most commonly associated with the creation of the Common Business-Oriented Language (COBOL) based on the FLOW-MATIC language. Interestingly enough, the latter was also designed by Hopper in 1958. These two women are just a few of the female figures who changed the world of technology entirely and forever. 

Grace Hopper

Despite their imperial contribution in the past which reflected the present as we know it, currently, it feels like there is a sort of obvious inequality between women and men in tech. The strong presence of women before is understood to have faded away. And now it is replaced by testosterone-filled programming reality. We are talking about the gender gap to some extent. But the question is, has this proportion of disparity increased or shrunk over time? Is there any change at all? Will there be more women in tech any time soon?

Breaking the myth of men being better programmers than women…

Breaking the myth of men being better programmers than women…

A minority of all people write good code. The problem is that the smallest bit of that minority is occupied by women clearly because of a sexist bias. At Google, for example, women make up 25,3 percent of technical employees, while at Facebook, female involvement is estimated to be about 25,8 percent only. In technical roles at Mozilla, the representation of women is 29.9%. But numbers don’t equal quality. So even though the presence of women in IT companies may be scarce, their projects are developed in a manner that makes them more sustainable while the quality of work, in some cases, may be even better than that of men.

Eastern European women working in tech are steadily breaking stereotypes, making a major contribution to the expansion of the sector. Initiatives within this region aim to encourage female involvement in STEM fields, whereas specific data varies by country. For instance, in countries like Romania and Poland women make up a considerable portion of the IT workforce, which is indicative of their excellent STEM educational backgrounds. 

In Bulgaria, women have a notable presence in the tech industry, boasting the highest proportion of female tech workers in Eastern Europe, with 27.7% of the IT workforce being women, according to Eurostat data highlighted by ZDNet. But there are still obstacles in the way of reaching complete gender parity, especially when it comes to income equality and senior STEM roles. The IT communities in Eastern Europe actively promote diversity and have a number of initiatives aimed at encouraging more women to work in the field of technology.

But the realization that women do well as programmers comes to place after a recent survey conducted by Stack Overflow, an online Q&A community for coders. The results of the research highlight that big tech companies which hire more women may be doing better than programming communities which exclude them. “Our internal stats suggest the imbalance isn’t quite as severe as the survey results would make it seem,” the authors of the survey comment, “but there’s no doubt everyone who codes needs to be more proactive welcoming women into the field.”

Hence, the smallest bit of coders in the face of women mustn’t be regarded as inferior in terms of computing capabilities, analytical thinking and overall programming know-how. And while now computer boys have taken over the field, as late as the 60’s programming was definitely considered to be a natural career choice for women. In fact, it used to be a girl thing too however you look at it. Cosmopolitan Magazine published an article titled “The Computer Girls” in 1967. In it, Dr. Grace Hopper explained to a journalist that programming was “just like planning a dinner. You have to plan ahead and schedule everything so that it’s ready when you need it […] Women are ‘naturals’ at computer programming.”

Women are ‘naturals’ at computer programming.

Their computing naturalism becomes obvious in another recent study conducted by a group of six students from California Polytechnic State University and North Carolina State University. It indicated that female programmers are if not better than equal to male programmers. But how did the researchers reach that conclusion?

Their paper analyzed the behavior of nearly 1.4 million users of GitHub – a website for code-sharing where users can collaborate on projects, post their work, give and receive feedback, suggest solutions, and so on. The US computer science students focused on pull requests or suggested code changes to a project by a developer. After a pull request has been received, the owner of the project can either choose to approve it or discard it. What was found out was that the pull requests on the website written by women were more likely to be approved than codes made by men.

Hence, figures indicated that women received a 78.6% code approval rating, while men received 74.6%. Even though the gender of the female users was unidentifiable, the results proved the hypothesis of the researchers to be false and contradicted their expectations based on the premise that women would have been automatically overlooked. The story changes when female coders reveal their gender with the information included on their GitHub profile or elsewhere. The study, then, pointed out that the sufficient request acceptance rate decreased by 9.3%, which dropped the acceptance level of women below that of men.

Citing the paper; “For outsiders, we see evidence for gender bias: women’s acceptance rates are 71.8% when they use gender neutral profiles, but drop to 62.5% when their gender is identifiable. There is a similar drop for men, but the effect is not as strong.”

In order to explain that rationally, the team explored several possible factors such as whether a woman’s pull request was accepted more often because she appeared to make smaller changes; whether women had advantages and dominated only in certain types of programming languages or if they suggested solutions to most commonly known issues. However, the indicative correlation between those questions wasn’t discovered. That led the team to deduce that; “Our results suggest that although women on GitHub may be more competent overall, bias against them exists nonetheless.” Due to such pre-determined and old-fashioned judgments, good coding may even be lost. Women are good coders indeed and they can develop good algorithms.


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All in all, whether or not female developers will tear down the walls of this typically manly field completely and once and for all depends on various factors. It is a question still open to debate. It is a question that still requests achievements. And yet, it might even have nothing to do with being a man or a woman. It might just depend on how one’s mind works. Some people have it, others don’t. That’s for sure.

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